POMONA, CA – April 26, 2017 – Keolis Transit Services announced that it has won an eight-year contract, with a four-year extension option, for the operation and maintenance of Foothill Transit in Southern California. Keolis will assume management of the operation on July 1, 2017.
Public invited to ride NAVYA’s autonomous ARMA shuttle for free this week on streets of Las Vegas’ historic Fremont East Entertainment District
LAS VEGAS, JANUARY 10, 2017 – A new milestone in transportation was reached today as NAVYA and Keolis, in partnership with the city of Las Vegas, launched the first completely autonomous, fully electric shuttle ever to be deployed on a public roadway in the United States. The shuttle is being launched in the new Innovation District that was recently created by the city of Las Vegas in downtown Las Vegas.
Keolis’ Australian subsidiary, Keolis Downer, has been awarded a 10 year contract to operate and maintain a new integrated public transport system in Newcastle. The contract will generate total revenue of around €312 million (AU$450 million) and will start in July 2017. This is the first multimodal contract to be tendered to the private sector in Australia and includes operations and maintenance for buses, ferries and a new light rail system. Through this new contract Keolis strengthens its presence in Australia and its position as a leading multimodal operator.
New North American Headquarters moves to Boston
BOSTON, MA – September 13, 2016 – Keolis today announced a series of executive-level appointments to support the company’s growth and expansion at both the corporate and business unit level and to reaffirm its commitment to the North American market. The company, a global leader in providing innovative mobility solutions to public transport agencies, also announced that its North American headquarters will be based in Boston.
Keolis orders four new autonomous shuttles as part of its expansion of driverless vehicle operations Keolis is now a minority shareholder of Navya, one of the main manufacturers of autonomous electric shuttles PARIS – October 11, 2016 – Keolis, an innovative leader in sustainable and connected mobility, has confirmed its commitment to the driverless […]
LOS ANGELES – September 12, 2016 – Keolis Transit America announced today that it has been awarded a five-year $5.7 million contract by the Los Angeles Department of Transportation to provide technical support for the CityRide Paratransit Service, including managing the program’s database and administering the electronic transit fare card system. “We are pleased to […]
Technicians in the field will use glasses to transmit information back to experts at main maintenance facility with goal of improving repair times and overall fleet reliability
Intelligent, electricity-powered shuttles transport passengers on streets in Lyon, France; Keolis and NAVYA partnership brings innovative new mobility solutions to urban networks
General Manager Gerald Francis promoted to role of KCS President; Keolis UK railroad executive David Scorey appointed to GM role BOSTON, MA – September 2, 2016 – Keolis North America, a global leader in operating sustainable and connected transportation solutions, today announced the relocation of its North American headquarters to Boston and the appointment of two […]
TERREBONNE, July 6, 2016 – Urbis, with the collaboration of Keolis Canada, officially launches the test of an electric vehicle in the area. During the test, the electric vehicle will serve the RCM Les Moulins (Regional County Municipality of Les Moulins) for a week, from July 6 to 15, 2016, and will run randomly on Urbis’ internal routes. The vehicle will also be available at the Terrebonne terminal on July 15, 2016 from 4 p.m. to 7 p.m. to offer users a demo ride.
Students in Boston, Brockton, Lawrence, Lynn and Worcester Selected for Post-Secondary Education and Training Grants Totaling $25,000
BOSTON, MA – June 16, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services, operator of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s commuter rail system, today awarded $25,000 in college scholarships to graduating high school seniors in five Massachusetts cities served by MBTA commuter rail – Boston, Brockton, Lawrence, Lynn and Worcester.
LOS ANGELES – June 8, 2016 – Keolis Transit America announced today the appointment of Ryan Adams to the role of Senior Vice President of Strategic Development, with overall responsibility for the company’s business development activity and performance management systems. For the past three years, Adams had served as the company’s Vice President of Strategy […]
OTP on Commuter Rail’s North Side highest since 2003
BOSTON, MA – May 20, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, finished April 2016 with a 92.37 percent on-time performance rate for all lines, and a record 95.57 percent adjusted on-time performance, the best adjusted OTP since Keolis took over operations in July 2014. Adjusted on-time performance takes into account delay factors beyond Keolis’ control.
In addition, trains on the system’s North Side set a record in April with 95.30 percent on-time performance, the best April in 13 years.
MONTRÉAL, May 5, 2016 – The intercity transport division of Keolis Canada, Autocars Orléans Express, is pleased to announce that it has reached an agreement with the Gaspé region for additional bus service to the tip of the peninsula.
McCarthy arrives in Boston from Southern California Regional Rail Authority, with extensive experience in safety compliance and accident investigations
BOSTON, MA – May 9, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services has appointed Robert T. (R.T.) McCarthy as Chief Safety Officer, responsible for safety, security, emergency preparedness and regulatory compliance for its Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract.
Keolis, through Shenkai, the joint venture with Shanghai Shentong Consulting, will be the future operator of the 6.7km extension of Shanghai’s metro line 8.
Keolis Downer, the current operator of the Gold Coast light rail, has been chosen to operate the 7.3 km extension to be launched in 2018
OTP on the Commuter Rail’s North Side the highest since 2004
BOSTON, MA – April 21, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) Commuter Rail system, finished March 2016 with a 92.46 percent on-time performance (OTP) rate for all lines, the best month since Keolis began operating the system in July 2014.
In second half of 2015, average number of late trains declined 25% over previous decade
BOSTON, MA – January 26, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, finished 2015 with the best on-time performance (OTP) of the year in December at 92.41 percent. When adjusted for delay factors beyond Keolis’ control, such as trespassers or police activity, on-time performance for December rose to 95.5 percent. Keolis officials said December is typically a challenging month because of the transition between falling leaves, falling temperatures and winter’s first snow.
Five-year contract valued at up to $29.5 million, $39.7 million with extension options
POMPANO, FL – January 19, 2016 – In a unanimous board vote last month, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority (SFRTA) awarded Keolis a five-year operational contract for the organization’s Tri-Rail shuttle bus service. Keolis has been the operator of the contract since 2012 with other Keolis-acquired providers operating the contract since 2010.
With track and signal work completed, train speeds have increased from 60 mph to 79 mph;
Local residents urged to exercise extra caution around tracks and railroad crossings
BOSTON, MA – January 14, 2016 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, today reminded passengers and residents to exercise caution along the Fitchburg Line now that maximum train speeds have increased from 60 mph to 79 mph as the result of track and signal upgrades between Boston and Fitchburg.
Slowdowns related to “slippery rail” conditions a major cause of delays for the month
BOSTON, MA – November 18, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, finished out the month of October with an unadjusted on-time weekday performance rate of 90.44 percent, the best performance for that month in nearly a decade.
MONTREAL, Nov. 17, 2015 /CNW Telbec/ – Keolis Canada has embarked on an initiative to improve its overall services and has taken the necessary steps to meet its objective. Today, the company is unveiling its innovation plan, which will mean positive changes for our customers. Our timeline will enable the established clientele we have served for the past 25 years to monitor our initiatives as they are announced and maintain their trust in the company.
SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY AND ALEXANDRIA, VA – November 16, 2015 – With the theme “Welcome to the Fast Track, Spotsylvania,” the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) and Spotsylvania County cut the ribbon today at the new Spotsylvania VRE commuter rail station.
Montreal, October 16, 2015 – Keolis Canada is delighted with the renewal of its contract as operator for Transport urbain Les Moulins, through the company’s subsidiary Lanau Bus SEC. Last night, the RCM council approved the decision to entrust Keolis Canada with service to its territory, which includes the towns of Terrebonne and Mascouche. This second mandate consolidates the Quebec activities of the Keolis group subsidiary.
New Snow Fighting Equipment Demonstrated at West Cambridge Maintenance Facility
BOSTON, MA – November 4, 2015 – Purchasing new snow fighting equipment, creating dedicated snow response teams and centralizing passenger communications are among the actions being taken by Keolis Commuter Services and the MBTA to prepare the commuter rail system for winter in order to keep trains operating safely and to minimize impacts to passengers.
Industry Veteran Known as Leader in Safety, Customer Service, and Employee and Labor Relations
LAS VEGAS – October 21, 2015 – Keolis Transit America today announced the appointment of Scott Lansing as general manager of its Las Vegas operations. Lansing is a veteran in the public transportation industry, with a track record of providing high quality and efficient transit operations.
Weekday unadjusted OTP averages 91.9 percent, highest since 2006
BOSTON, MA – October 8, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, ended September with an unadjusted on-time weekday performance rate of 91.9 percent, the best September performance since 2006.
Ad Wheel Awards celebrate excellence in public transportation marketing and communications
SAN FRANCISCO, CA – October 7, 2015 – Keolis received two first place Ad Wheel Awards from the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) at the organization’s annual meeting Monday. The awards included a first place designation for Keolis’ “Thinking Like A Passenger” print media ads, as well as one for Keolis’ conference and trade show booth which includes a light rail simulator and bus stop, among other features.
Adams recognized for leadership, innovation and achievements at Keolis and throughout the passenger transportation industry
ARLINGTON, VA – September 21, 2015 – Keolis Transit America’s Vice President of Strategy and Corporate Development, Ryan Adams, has been named to Mass Transit magazine’s 2015 Top 40 Under 40. The annual list is comprised of young professionals who have made significant contributions to the public transit industry.
BOSTON, MA – September 23, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system, celebrated Pollution Prevention Month by honoring Keolis crews at the West Cambridge Maintenance Facility for several major initiatives aimed at reducing commuter rail’s impact on the environment.
Conference of Minority Transportation Officials aims to see the diverse faces of America equally reflected at all levels of the transportation industry
BOSTON, MA – July 12, 2015 – Keolis, operator of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s commuter rail, welcomed members of the Conference of Minority Transportation Leaders to Boston this week for the group’s 44th Annual National Meeting and Training Congress.
Officials Cite Keolis’ Strong Operational Performance and Rising Customer Satisfaction Scores as Key Factors in Contract Decision
ROCKVILLE, MD – July 13, 2015 – The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) has exercised its option to extend its contract with Keolis for an additional five years to operate the VRE commuter rail trains which serve Washington D.C.’s Northern Virginia suburbs.
Former Director of Maintenance for United Airlines in Cleveland and Boston will Coordinate Daily Fleet Maintenance for MBTA Commuter Rail
BOSTON, MA – July 8, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Services announced today it has named Kenneth Trahan chief mechanical officer for its contract to operate the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail system. In this role, Trahan will manage Keolis’ fleet maintenance operations ensuring the safety, performance and regulatory compliance of the locomotives and coach cars that transport more than 125,000 people across Greater Boston each day.
Two-Year Contract Provides Increased Wages and Benefits for Keolis’ Las Vegas Area Bus System Employees
LAS VEGAS – July 7, 2015 – Keolis announced today that the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 1536 has overwhelmingly ratified a collective bargaining agreement with Keolis Transit America, which provides fixed route bus services for Las Vegas’ Regional Transportation Commission (RTC). The agreement, which covers drivers and mechanics, runs through July 6, 2017 and provides employees with increases in both wages and benefits.
Industry Veteran Will Continue to Consult on Key Projects for Keolis
ROCKVILLE, MD – July 2, 2015 – Keolis announced today that Keolis America President and Chief Executive Officer Steve Townsend is retiring after a 43-year career spanning multiple industries including oil and gas, environmental services, facilities management and transportation.
12,000 Police and Firefighters to Test Their Athletic Skills in Global Competition in Fairfax, Virginia
FAIRFAX, VA – June 22, 2015 – Keolis, a leading provider of passenger transportation services with operations in U.S. and Canada is supporting local first responders on their journey to Fairfax, Virginia to compete in the 2015 World Police & Fire Games from June 26 to July 5.
BOSTON, MA – May 21 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates and maintains the MBTA Commuter Rail system, today announced the sponsorship of the Boston Police Hockey Team at this summer’s World Police and Fire Games in Washington, D.C. and Fairfax, Va. At a brief ceremony, Keolis General Manager Gerald C. Francis presented a […]
BOSTON, MA – March 26, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Service today announced that regular weekday service for MBTA Commuter Rail would be fully restored on Monday, March 30, with the number of seats available to passengers returning to pre-storm levels.
Largest number of trips restored in a single day since recovery began
BOSTON, MA – March 12, 2015 – Keolis Commuter Service today announced that it will restore service on an additional 42 MBTA Commuter Rail trains on March 16, a major milestone in its plan to restore full service by March 30. This marks the largest number of commuter trains restored to service since the recovery schedule was put in place after winter storms impacted the commuter rail fleet.
Gerald C. Francis Named General Manager; Franck Dubourdieu Named Deputy GM For Keolis Boston Operation
BOSTON, MA – February 26, 2015 – Keolis announced today that Gerald C. Francis has been named the general manager of its Keolis Commuter Services unit in Boston, the operator of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s commuter rail network since July 1, 2014.
Hinchcliffe Responsible for Managing and Developing Light Rail Transit Operations As Keolis Looks to Expand in North American Market
ROCKVILLE, MD – November 25, 2014 – Keolis, a leading provider of passenger transportation services throughout the U.S. and Canada, has named Robert Hinchcliffe director of light rail transit for its North American operations.
Mr. Hinchcliffe will be responsible for developing and managing light rail transit systems in the region, including the GrandLinq in Ontario, as well as business development opportunities across North America.
Industry veteran to lead all Keolis transit operations in United States
ROCKVILLE, MD – November 13, 2014 – Keolis announced today that Stephen W. Shaw has been named President and Chief Executive Officer of its Keolis Transit America subsidiary, with overall responsibility for managing the company’s transit operations in the US. Keolis is a leader in the transit industry, operating fixed-route bus service, shuttle service, paratransit, and taxis, while providing fleet maintenance and call center management for public transportation authorities throughout the US.
BOSTON – September 17, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services announced today that it has completed the cleaning of all commuter rail passenger cars operating from Boston’s North Station, and all passenger cars operating out of South Station should be cleaned in the coming weeks – part of Keolis’ commitment to improve the passenger experience for […]
Keolis Transit America Partners with Veterans Groups
LOS ANGELES, CA – Keolis Transit America is among the ranks of Patriotic Employers to provide a working opportunity for armed forces through the Work for Warriors program. Work for Warriors has now brought in a new line of defense, by also calling up Reservists to participate in the program.
Maryland-based Company Helps “Bring America Home” to its Patriotic Roots in Baltimore’s Historic Inner Harbor
BALTIMORE, MD – August 7, 2014 – Keolis, a leading provider of passenger transportation services throughout the U.S. and Canada, announced today its sponsorship of the Star-Spangled Spectacular – the nation’s bicentennial celebration of the Star-Spangled Banner.
Company Pledges Support for 12,000 First Responders Competing in Single Largest Event Ever Held in Northern Virginia
ROCKVILLE, MD – July 29, 2014 – Keolis, a leading provider of passenger transportation services throughout the U.S. and Canada, today announced it will be a major sponsor of the 2015 World Police & Fire Games, in which an estimated 12,000 first responders from around the world will compete in more than 1,600 medal events across 60 sports.
Vautrin to Provide Financial Counsel for Keolis Commuter Services’ Boston Operations
BOSTON – July 15, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services, which operates the commuter rail network for the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, has named Benjamin Vautrin as its chief financial officer. In this role, Vautrin is responsible for financial planning and reporting activities for Keolis’ Boston operations.
Dubourdieu to Oversee Quality Assurance and Regulation Compliance Activities For MBTA’s Commuter Rail System
BOSTON – July 14, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has named Franck Dubourdieu director of quality and environmental services, for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract, which Keolis began operating on July 1. In this role, he will oversee quality assurance, regulation compliance, and performance management and introduce LEAN management in the organization’s activities
Mulligan and Francis bring decades of industry experience to North America’s largest commuter rail contract
ROCKVILLE, MD – July 8, 2014 – Keolis North America has named Thomas M. Mulligan as General Manager and Gerald C. Francis as Deputy General Manager of Keolis Commuter Services in Boston, overseeing the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s commuter rail contract, which Keolis began operating on July 1.
Contracts with 14 unions represent 1,800 MBTA Commuter Rail Employees
BOSTON – June 23, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services (KCS) announced today that it has reached agreement with all 14 of the labor unions representing its employees for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) Commuter Rail service, which Keolis begins operating on July 1st.
Herlick to Provide Legal Counsel as Keolis Continues to Expand North American Operations
ROCKVILLE, MD – June 16, 2014 – Keolis North America has named Susan Herlick as its general counsel. In this role, Herlick will direct Keolis’ legal, compliance and regulatory affairs for the company’s North American operations. She is an accomplished business lawyer with broad experience working in entrepreneurial and highly regulated corporate environments.
Baran to Oversee All MBTA Tracks, Facilities and Infrastructure, Coordinate with Partner Railroads and Manage Safety and Security
BOSTON, MA – June 11, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has appointed Pascal Baran chief engineer for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins July 1, 2014. As chief engineer, Baran will be responsible for directing all inspection, maintenance, repair, planning and capital works for all MBTA right-of-way track, moveable and fixed-span bridges, culverts and drainage structures, signal systems, stations, buildings, facilities and other infrastructure.
Paris, May 23, 2014 The British Department for Transport (DfT) awarded the Thameslink Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) franchise to Govia, an 18-year Keolis/ Go-Ahead partnership (35%/65%). This seven-year franchise will generate £1.1 billion (€1.36 billion) annual revenue. This new contract strengthens Keolis’ position in mass transit. The British Government announced today its intention to […]
Keolis Taps Twenty-Three Year Industry Veteran and Leader to Continue Growth and Expansion Efforts
LOS ANGELES – Keolis Transit America is excited to announce the hire of Sandra (Schmidt) Hill as Senior Vice President, Business Development. Effective immediately, Hill will have responsibilities related to leading the day-to-day operations of the business development team and will be responsible for driving business expansion and increasing Keolis’ market share in the United States. She brings twenty-three years of experience in the transportation industry to the already robust Keolis executive team, with knowledge and position in both the private and public transportation sectors.
Broward County Selects Management Team with Decades of Experience in the Ft. Lauderdale Community
FT. LAUDERDALE, Fla. – The Broward County Commission has approved the Selection Committee’s recommended top ranking for Keolis Transit America (Keolis) and approved the contract to continue to manage and operate Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport shuttle services for the county.
Paris, May 13, 2014 Keolis, as part of the GrandLinq consortium, has been chosen to operate and maintain ION Stage 1 Light Rail Transit Project of Region of Waterloo This new PPP contract will generate total revenue of approximately CAD 550 million (EUR 367 million) for Keolis over 33 years Region of Waterloo Light Rail […]
Plumb Has 41 Years of Rail Industry Experience; Will Coordinate Daily Fleet Maintenance for Keolis MBTA Commuter Rail Operations
BOSTON, MA – May 7, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has named David Plumb chief mechanical officer for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins July 1, 2014.
Cawley Brings to Keolis Extensive HR Expertise from Public and Private Sectors As Company Prepares to Launch MBTA Service July 1
BOSTON – April 28, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has named Michael Cawley director of human resources and training for the company’s Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins on July 1, 2014.
Mitrou to Provide Legal Guidance as Keolis Commuter Services Prepares to Launch Service July 1
BOSTON, MA – April 15, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has named David T. Mitrou General Counsel and Director – Labor Affairs for the company’s Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins on July 1, 2014.
ROCKVILLE, Md. & BOSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Keolis North America issued the following statement from Keolis America President and CEO Steve Townsend: “We are pleased that the court has denied MBCR’s motion for injunctive relief,” Townsend said. “The entire Keolis Commuter Services team is working hard to provide MBTA commuter rail passengers with the outstanding service they deserve. […]
BOSTON, MA – April 2, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has appointed Scott Treece as head of transportation for the company’s Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins on July 1, 2014. In this role, Treece will be responsible for leading and developing a management team that is committed to providing safe […]
BOSTON, MA – March 31, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has appointed Justin Vonashek to be the chief safety, security, emergency preparedness and regulatory compliance officer for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract. Vonashek comes to Keolis Commuter Services, a subsidiary of Keolis North America, after holding multiple positions at Metra, the commuter […]
BOSTON, MA – March 27, 2014 – Keolis Commuter Services has named Rita Hardiman as its director of equal employment opportunity (EEO), diversity, and disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE) programs for the company’s Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail contract that begins on July 1, 2014. Hardiman is a diversity and multicultural organization development professional […]
Company and Executive Receive Awards at WTS Phoenix Event
PHOENIX, AZ, Keolis Transit America’s commitment to diversity received top honors this weekend at the WTS (Women’s Transportation Seminar) Metropolitan Phoenix Chapter Award and Scholarship Event. Keolis Transit America was selected as the Rosa Parks Diversity Leadership Award recipient. The award was named for Parks, an African American woman, who changed the course of history on December 5, 1955, after refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
Award-winning public relations professional joins company as it announces single largest public transportation contract win in the U.S.
ROCKVILLE, MD – March 12, 2014 – Public relations and marketing communications industry veteran Leslie Aun has joined Keolis North America, a leading provider of passenger transportation services throughout the U.S. and Canada, as its new director of communications and public relations.
In 2013, revenue reached 5.1 billion euros, up 2.2% on 2012. Profit remains stable, in a tough economic environment. Intense mobilisation on a very substantial pipeline of projects. 2013: a year of transition and consolidation In 2013, Keolis focused on gearing up for future development. The company’s ambition is to reach €7 billion in revenue […]
ROCKVILLE, MD – March 6, 2014 – After a highly competitive review, Keolis North America has been awarded a $2.6 billion, eight-year contract to manage, operate and maintain the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail service. The MBTA contract awarded to Keolis Commuter Services, a division of Keolis North America, is the single largest […]
Shaw Brings Years of Industry Experience and Leadership to Growing Keolis Team
LOS ANGELES – Keolis Transit America is proud to announce the appointment of Stephen W. Shaw as Chief Operating Officer. With its rapid growth and expansion throughout the country, Keolis continues to strengthen its leadership team and maximize the talent that carries the company forward.
Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada Selects Management Team with Decades of National and International Experience
LAS VEGAS – Today, the Regional Transportation Commission (RTC) of Southern Nevada, awarded the southern fixed-route bus contract to Keolis Transit America (Keolis). The contract includes service along the resort corridor of Las Vegas Boulevard as well as the Deuce on the Strip (Deuce) and the Strip and Downtown Express (SDX) routes.